Aldo Leopold(1887-1948) is considered the father of wildlife ecology.
He was an internationally respected scientist, and conservationist instrumental in formulating policy, promoting wilderness, and restoring land back to health. He was an advisor in establishing the first official “wilderness area” in the United States (the Gila National Forest), helped to create The Wilderness Society, and founded the field of Wildlife Ecology.
But perhaps his biggest contribution was his articulation of ”The Land Ethic” (that we are part of a natural community of interdependent parts) and his pioneering work in what is now known as restoration ecology – bringing the land back to health. One of his book “A Sand County Almac” reflects an evolution of a lifetime of love, observation and tought. It led to a philosophy that has guided many to discovering what it means to live in a harmony with the land and with one another.
Leopold’s cornerstone book Game Management (1933) defined the fundamental skills and techniques for managing and restoring wildlife populations. This landmark work created a new science that intertwined forestry, agriculture, biology, zoology, ecology, education and communication. Soon after its publication, the University of Wisconsin created a new department, the Department of Game Management, and appointed Leopold as its first chair.11