The Corona pandemic brings with it great strains, especially for families. Of course, childcare or the care for family members must therefore be taken into account. Below you will find detailed information on how to reconcile studying, teaching, research and work with family responsibilities.
Below you will find the current regulations in case your child is ill and has to be cared for at home. In addition, you will find regulations in the event that the childcare facility in your district/town is still affected by a "closure" or will be affected in the future.
Regulations when the childcare facility/school is in operation
The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, in cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Youth, Family and Senior Citizens, has published recommendations for the occurrence of cold symptoms in childcare facilities and primary as well as for secondary schools ("Sniffles plan/Schnupfenplan"). The corresponding charts can be found on the website of the Federal State of Schleswig-Holstein
In accordance with service law the general regulations apply:
If the child is sick, it is cared for at home. Depending on the employment contract, the employee has a certain number of days that they can use for this purpose. The law stipulates 30 days per child and parent for the years 2021 and 2022. Single parents are granted 60 days respectively. If there are several children, the entitlement increases to a maximum of 65 days, or a maximum of 130 days for single parents. Eligible are legally insured, working parents who are themselves entitled to sickness benefit, with a legally insured child who has not yet reached the age of 12. In the case of children who have a disability, also beyond the age of 12. It is also a prerequisite that there is no other person in the household who can look after the child. The entitlement exists irrespective of whether the work could in principle also be done at home. Sickness benefit is paid for this time.
If the child is sick, the need for care must be proven to the health insurance fund with a certificate from the attending doctor. For this purpose, the "Ärztliche Bescheinigung für den Bezug von Krankengeld bei Erkrankung eines Kindes" (medical certificate for the receipt of sickness benefit in case of illness of a child) is filled in. The sickness benefit is paid directly by the respective statutory health insurance fund.
Since the employer will stop paying the salary for the period of sickness benefit, the responsible administrator of of the Human Resources Department must be informed immediately of the intended leave of absence to care for the child, as well as the superior. Please send a copy of the medical certificate to the Human Resources Department. The health insurance fund will make a final decision on the entitlement to leave. We recommend that you contact your health insurance fund at the same time so that there are no delays in the payment of sick pay.
Insofar as this entitlement exists for cases in which care for the child at home becomes necessary because the school or childcare facility is closed in whole or in part due to the pandemic or because compulsory attendance at classes is suspended, the regulation in place until the end of the year has been extended. The days can be used both for the care of a sick child and, for a limited period until 19.03.2022, for care because the school or daycare centre has been closed, compulsory attendance has been suspended or access has been restricted. If a child has to be cared for at home due to a school or daycare centre closure, a certificate from the respective institution is required. Sickness benefit is paid directly by the respective statutory health insurance fund.
Since the employer stops paying the salary for the period during which the sickness benefit is paid, the responsible administrative department of the Human Resources Division must be informed immediately of the intended leave of absence to care for the child, as well as the supervisor. Please send a copy of the certificate from the school or day care centre to the Human Resources Department. The health insurance fund will make a final decision on the entitlement to leave. We recommend that you contact your health insurance fund at the same time so that there are no delays in the payment of sick pay.
The following applies for pay-scale employees (Tarifbeschäftigte) without an exemption entitlement in accordance with § 45 SGB V:
For employees who are not entitled to time off according to § 45 SGB V because they themselves or the child or children are not covered by statutory health insurance, the regulation for civil servants shall continue to apply with the proviso that time off from work is granted for an initial period of three working days according to § 29 para. 3 TV-L. The time off from work may be extended for a further three days if the requirements continue to be met.
For civil servants applies:
For civil servants, the regulation is adopted as follows: For the care of sick children, in individual cases the additional maximum of 20 days per child (in the case of several children a total maximum of 40 additional days), in the case of single parents an additional maximum of 40 days per child (in the case of several children a total maximum of 80 additional days) may be granted in accordance with section 20 SUVO in conjunction with. § 13 paragraph 2 SUVO.
Insofar as the use of these additional days is necessary for cases in which care of the child at home becomes necessary because the school or care facility is closed in whole or in part due to the pandemic or the compulsory attendance at classes is suspended and another person is not available to care for the child, the granting of special leave pursuant to section 20 SUVO is possible upon justified application, provided that the service is neither provided at the office nor in the home office or cannot be provided in the form of mobile working alongside childcare; this possibility of leave is valid until 19.03.2022.
As a matter of priority, the employees concerned should, in consultation with their superiors, make full use of the possibilities for flexible working hours and, above all, mobile working. The university management is aware that due to the often difficult care situation associated with this, full work performance cannot always be achieved and this additional workload cannot always be fully compensated for in the private sphere. It will also send this appeal to superiors with the urgent request to take the current exceptional situation into account.
In order to agree on a solution adapted to your care situation, please contact - in consultation with your superior - your responsible administrator in the Human Resources Division in order to jointly agree on an individual solution for taking into account the (remaining) working hours possible for you in the time recording. The prerequisites for further leave of absence or time off if the care situation is still not possible after exhausting all the measures listed above can also be discussed together during this counselling interview. However, the newly created entitlement to extended sick pay for care must be exhausted beforehand.
In addition, it is also possible to ensure childcare through leave, compensatory time off or a flexible work (time) arrangement, which has been agreed with the superior in advance.
Reduction of teaching responsibilities
Unfortunatly, it is not possible to reduce teaching responsibilities because of family responsibilities in accordance with the LVVO.
Work contracts in the qualification phase can be extended
Academic fixed-term contracts for employees in their scientific qualification phase can be extended due to pandemic after a change in current law.
The Act on Academic Fixed-Term Contracts (WissZeitVG) has ,against the background of the pandemic, been amended restrospectively with effect from 01.03.2020 to include a transitional arrangement for a limited period of time, by the addition of Section 7 (3) WissZeitVG. The current wording of the amendment is as follows (translation from the German original):
"(3) The total permitted duration of fixed-term employment in accordance with Section 2 (1) Clause 1 and 2 shall be extended by six months, if an employment relationship exists in accordance with Section 2 (1) between 1 March 2020 and 30 September 2020.
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research is hereby authorised to use statutory regulation, with the consent of the Bundesrat, to extend the permitted duration of fixed-term employment for a further period of up to six months, if this appears necessary due to the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Federal Republic of Germany; the extension shall also apply to employment relationships entered into after 30 September 2020 and prior to the expiry of the extension period referred to in the statutory regulation."
The legislator has thereby created a means of mitigating the additional coronavirus-related burdens on scientists who are in the qualification phase.
The new legal regulation applies to scientific staff who have an employment contract in terms of Section 2 (1) WissZeitVG for their own academic qualification in the period from 01.03.2020 to 30.09.2020. Employment may continue beyond the usual 6-year maximum period during the pandemic-related restrictions. The extension of the maximum period of fixed-term employment was initially limited to a maximum of six months. There is no legal claim to an extension of the employment relationship.
The employment relationship may be extended if the respective institution is able to secure funding, and if continuation of employment is applied for in the usual way via Human Resources. Additional central funding is not available.
The Corona-related impairments will continue beyond September 30, 2020. Consequently, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research has extended the period for six month until March 31, 2021. In compliance with the above mentiones conditions, the maximum time limets have been inreased by further 6 month.
If you have any questions, please contact your HR staff member.
Pandemic-related changes regarding studies
Kiel University provides information for students regarding the pandemic upon its website and keeps this information up to date. This includes information about compulsory attendance, risk groups and pregnancy and examinations. In addition, there is further information on the website of the faculties and departments.
Disadvantage compensation for students with family responsibilities
It is possible to apply for a disadvantage compensation because of family responsibilities during the Corona-crisis.
- in particular life situations (pregnancy, bringing up children, caring for relatives)
- with chronic illness/disability
- who experience corona-related disadvantages (long-term restrictions, e.g. membership of risk groups, lack of technical equipment, and acute restrictions, e.g. quarantine)
have the opportunity to apply for disadvantage compensation for courses and examinations.
How does the application process work?
Please submit your request in good time (if possible well before the date of the course/exam) to the responsible authorities listed below and ask about the exact procedure:
- In case of acute restrictions, please consult your teacher first to discuss how to proceed. If you miss course dates in courses requiring attendance, please clarify first whether the absence is excusable within the framework of the absence regulations without having to submit an application for disadvantage compensation.
- For long-term restrictions, please contact the Examinations Office responsible for your degree programme (German only). Students of medicine and dentistry should contact the Dean of Studies of the Faculty of Medicine.
Then, please submit directly an informal application for disadvantage compensation to the responsible authority (see above), explaining your restrictions. Please enclose proof and, if possible, medical recommendations for suitable compensatory measures. This will help the chairperson of the examination board and the teachers to find a suitable measure to compensate for disadvantages.
The responsible authorities will take into account whether measures are equivalent to the expected performance and feasible for everyone involved. In some cases this might mean that it is not possible to offer an adequate compensation measure, which is equal and organisationally feasible.
The decision will usually be communicated by stu-Mail. If the decision is positive, the organisational details may have to be discussed with the teacher in the next step.
- Information on compatability of studies with family responsibilities, concerning the offers of the AStA (in German)
- Information on compatability of studies with family responsibilities, concerning the offers of Studentenwerk SH (in German)
- General information, concerning the offers of Studentenwerk SH.
The Family Service offers confidential couseling and can be contacted with individual questions. In case of particular questions we will research the topic and let you know our findings. We represent the needs of Kiel University´s families towards the University Board and other facilities within Kiel University.
The Federal Government has decided support measures for employees with care responsibilities (e.g. eldercare). This includes the increase of Pflegeunterstützungsgeld, the prolongation of the possible leave-period to deal with acute care situations and other services.
Parents, who live in separate households, are both allowed to have contact to their child. Contact restrictions related to the pandemic do not apply. Visitation rights, that were in place before the pandemic, stay in place.
Opening or closing of schools is related to the incidence rate in the relevant district or city.
More information is provided by your school. Current information is available on the FAQ-Website of the state SH concerning schools (in German only) or on the website for information about schools of the state SH (in German only).
Childcare in Kitas and Tagespflege
In those parts of Schleswig-Holstein in which the incidence rate allows it (Kiel is amongst these), childcare facilities will open for regular childcare during the pandemic.
The childcare facility will provide you with more information. More information is also available on the FAQ-Website of the state SH concerning Kitas (in German only) or on the website for information about Kitas of the state SH (in German only).
Is there an extra childcare provided by Kiel University?
No, current law does not allow an extra childcare.
Will there be a CAU holiday program for schoolchildren in 2021?
The aim is to provide care that is adapted to the incidence of infection and it is possible to register for the holiday programme. Due to the variable occurrence of infections, the implementation of the holiday programme cannot be guaranteed and the employees will be informed by circular email about the taking place of the holiday programme.
Compensation of reduced income due to childcare responsibilities
Parents who are or were not able to work because of additional childcare responsibilities due to Corona can apply for compensation at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. More informarion on parental compensation (in German). Apply for compensation online (in German).
The German government has adjusted parental allowance in these special times in order to avert any disadvantages for families because of COVID-19. There are also other family benefits that have been adjusted.
During the COVID 19 pandemic, a risk in the sense of maternity protection law is always to be assumed if the employee has special contact with people due to their occupation or training. This is the case if the protection standard resulting from the respective legal requirements (Infection Protection Act, Corona Control Ordinance) cannot be met or can only be met in part within the framework of the occupational activity or training.
Protective measures include, for example, maintaining the minimum distance, wearing masks or hand hygiene.
The following are examples of special personal contacts where an increased risk of infection is to be expected
- occupational activities with many contacts (public transport, retail trade)
- occupational activities in which the minimum distance of 1.5 m from people cannot be maintained, e.g. in medical care,
- occupational activities where there is insufficient opportunity for pregnant women to comply with hygiene regulations (e.g. reasonableness of wearing protective masks).
An individual risk assessment must be carried out when the pregnancy becomes known. The pregnant woman must be offered a discussion on adjustments to working conditions.
On the website of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, you will find the information leaflet Information on the assessment of risks from SARS-CoV-2 under maternity protection law.