Ressourcen als Moderatoren zwischen Arbeitszufriedenheit, Wohlbefinden und Arbeitsanforderungen
The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of different workloads (quantitative,
qualitative, fear of unemployment, and social stressors) on job satisfaction, absenteeism, wellbeing,
and life satisfaction of employees. Furthermore it was thought to investigate whether the
resources control and recreation might be able to reduce this negative impact of these workloads.
The basic assumptions were examined by use of a self-constructed questionnaire. In total, 219
people took part in the study. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis showed that there
was a significant negative relationship between quantitative workloads as well as social stressors
and job satisfaction. Furthermore, social stressors were found to be significantly positively related
to absenteeism. The assumed relationship between workload and well-being was not found in the
present study. However, quantitative workload and fear of unemployment was found to be
significantly negatively related to life satisfaction.
The expected moderator effect of control with respect to work satisfaction was only found for the
social stressors. With regard to absenteeism, the moderating effect of control was only revealed
for the quantitative workloads.
Furthermore, the only feature of recreation that was able to soften the negative impact of social
stressors on well-being and life satisfaction was physical activity.