PD Dr. habil. Frank E. Zachos  

since 1.8.2011 Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Sammlungsmanager Säugetierabteilung

 

Research interests:

Molecular and morphological approaches in microevolutionary studies on mammals. Our taxonomical focus is on ungulates (particularly cervids) and carnivores. We are conducting research in the fields of population genetics, molecular (intraspecific) systematics and phylogeography, developmental homeostasis and fluctuating asymmetry and conservation genetics. Further interests include the Quaternary distribution history of mammals and birds, ornithology (especially raptors) and the history and theory of (evolutionary) biology.

   Mammalian Biology

                                 IUCN Deer Specialist Group


Publications

Peer-reviewed scientific journals

ZACHOS, F. E. (2011): Linnean ranks, temporal banding, and time-clipping: why not slaughter the sacred cow? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 103: 732-734.

HAJJI, G. M., ZACHOS, F. E. (2011): Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses reveal pronounced genetic structuring in Tunisian wild boar Sus scrofa. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57: 449-456.

HONNEN, A.-C., PETERSEN, B., KASSLER, L., ELMEROS, M., ROOS, A., SOMMER, R. S., ZACHOS, F. E. (2011): Genetic structure of Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra, Carnivora: Mustelidae) populations from the western Baltic sea region and its implications for the recolonisation of northwestern Germany. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 49: 169-175.

ZACHOS, F. E., HARTL, G. B. (2011): Phylogeography, population genetics and conservation of the European red deer Cervus elaphus. Mammal Review 41: 138-150.

ZACHOS, F. E., HACKLÄNDER, K. (2011): Genetics and conservation of large mammals in Europe - a themed issue of Mammal Review. Mammal Review 41: 85-86.

NIEDZIALKOWSKA, M., JEDRZEJEWSKA, B., HONNEN, A.-C., OTTO, T., SIDOROVICH, V. E., PERZANOWSKI, K., SKOG, A., HARTL, G. B., BOROWIK, T., BUNEVICH, A. N., LANG, J., ZACHOS, F. E. (2011): Molecular biogeography of red deer Cervus elaphus from eastern Europe: insights from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Acta Theriologica 56: 1-12.

HABEL, J. C., SCHMITT, T., MEYER, M., FINGER, A., RÖDDER, D., ASSMANN, T., ZACHOS, F. E. (2010): Biogeography meets conservation: The genetic structure of the endangered lycaenid butterfly Lycaena helle (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101: 155-168.

HONNEN, A.-C., HAILER, F., KENNTNER, N., LITERÁK, I., DUBSKÁ, L., ZACHOS, F. E. (2010): Mitochondrial DNA and nuclear microsatellites reveal high diversity and genetic structure in an avian top predator, the white-tailed sea eagle, in central Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 727-737.

VALQUI, J., HARTL, G. B., ZACHOS, F. E. (2010): Non-invasive genetic analysis reveals high levels of mtDNA variability in the endangered South-American marine otter (Lontra felina). Conservation Genetics 11: 2067-2072.

ZACHOS, F. E., BEN SLIMEN, H., HACKLÄNDER, K., GIACOMETTI, M., SUCHENTRUNK, F. (2010): Regional genetic in-situ differentiation despite phylogenetic heterogeneity in Alpine mountain hares. Journal of Zoology 282: 47-53.

ZACHOS, F. E., KARAMI, M., IBENOUAZI, Z., HARTL, G. B., ECKERT, I., KIRSCHNING, J. (2010): First genetic analysis of a free-living population of the threatened goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa). Mammalian Biology 75: 277-282.

FINGER, A., SCHMITT, T., ZACHOS, F. E., MEYER, M., ASSMANN, T., HABEL, J. C. (2009): The genetic status of the Violet Copper Lycaena helle - a relict of the cold past in times of global warming. Ecography 32: 382-390.

HABEL, J. C., ZACHOS, F. E., FINGER, A., MEYER, M., LOUY, D., ASSMANN, T., SCHMITT, T. (2009): Unprecedented long-term genetic monomorphism in an endangered relict butterfly species. Conservation Genetics 10: 1659-1665.

SKOG, A., ZACHOS, F. E., RUENESS, E. K., FEULNER, P. G. D., MYSTERUD, A., LANGVATN, R., LORENZINI, R., HMWE, S. S., LEHOCZKY, I., HARTL, G. B., STENSETH, N. C., JAKOBSEN, K. S. (2009): Phylogeography of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Europe. Journal of Biogeography 36: 66-77.

SOMMER, R. S., FAHLKE, J. M., SCHMÖLCKE, U., BENECKE, N., ZACHOS, F. E. (2009): Quaternary history of the European roe deer Capreolus capreolus. Mammal Review 39: 1-16.

SOMMER, R. S., ZACHOS, F. E. (2009): Fossil evidence and phylogeography of temperate species: 'glacial refugia' and post-glacial recolonization. Journal of Biogeography 36: 2013-2020.

ZACHOS, F. E. (2009): Gene trees and species trees - mutual influences and interdependences of population genetics and systematics. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 47: 209-218.


ZACHOS, F. E., HAJJI, G. M., HMWE, S. S., HARTL, G. B., LORENZINI, R., MATTIOLI, S. (2009): Population viability analysis and genetic diversity of the endangered red deer population from Mesola, Italy. Wildlife Biology 15: 175-186.

ZACHOS, F. E., CIROVIC, D., KIRSCHNING, J., OTTO, M., HARTL, G. B., PETERSEN, B., HONNEN, A.-C. (2009): Genetic variability, differentiation and founder effect in golden jackals (Canis aureus) from Serbia as revealed by mitochondrial DNA and nuclear microsatellite loci. Biochemical Genetics 47: 241-250.

DEBES, P. V., ZACHOS, F. E., HANEL. R. (2008): Mitochondrial phylogeography of the European sprat (Sprattus sprattus L., Clupeidae) reveals isolated climatically vulnerable populations in the Mediterranean Sea and range expansion in the north-east Atlantic. Molecular Ecology 17: 3873-3888.

HAJJI, G. M., CHARFI-CHEIKROUHA, F., LORENZINI, R., VIGNE, J.-D., HARTL, G. B., ZACHOS, F. E. (2008): Phylogeography and founder effect of the endangered Corsican red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 659-673.

SOMMER, R. S., ZACHOS, F. E., STREET, M., JÖRIS, O., SKOG, A., BENECKE, N. (2008): Late Quaternary distribution dynamics and phylogeography of the red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 714-733.

ZACHOS, F. E., OTTO, M., UNICI, R., LORENZINI, R., HARTL, G. B. (2008): Evidence of a phylogeographic break in the Romanian brown bear (Ursus arctos) population from the Carpathians. Mammalian Biology 73: 93-101.

HAJJI, G. M., ZACHOS, F. E., CHARFI-CHEIKROUHA, F., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Conservation genetics of the imperilled Barbary red deer in Tunisia. Animal Conservation 10: 229-235.

KIRSCHNING, J., ZACHOS, F. E., CIROVIC, D., RADOVIC, I. T., HMWE, S. S., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Population genetic analysis of Serbian red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) by means of mitochondrial control region sequences. Biochemical Genetics 45: 409-420.

ZACHOS, F. E. (2007): Evolutionary biology and theory are essentially historical - a reply to W. J. Bock. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 45: 280-281.

ZACHOS, F. E., HARTL, G. B., SUCHENTRUNK, F. (2007): Fluctuating asymmetry and genetic variability in the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus): a test of the developmental stability hypothesis in mammals using neutral molecular markers. Heredity 98: 392-400.

ZACHOS, F. E., CIROVIC, D., ROTTGARDT, I., SEIFFERT, B., OEKING, S., ECKERT, I., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Geographically large-scale genetic monomorphism in a highly successful introduced species: the case of the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) in Europe. Mammalian Biology 72: 123-126.

ZACHOS, F. E., ALTHOFF, C., STEYNITZ, Y. v., ECKERT, I., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Genetic analysis of an isolated red deer (Cervus elaphus) population showing signs of inbreeding depression. European Journal of Wildlife Research 53: 61-67.

HMWE, S. S., ZACHOS, F. E., SALE, J. B., ROSE, H. R., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Genetic variability and differentiation in red deer (Cervus elaphus) from Scotland and England. Journal of Zoology 270: 479-487.

HMWE, S. S., ZACHOS, F. E., ECKERT, I., LORENZINI, R., FICO, R., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Conservation genetics of the endangered red deer from Sardinia and Mesola with further remarks on the phylogeography of Cervus elaphus corsicanus. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88: 691-701.

ZACHOS, F. E., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Island populations, human introductions and the limitations of genetic analyses: the case of the Sardinian red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Human Evolution 21: 177-183.

ZACHOS, F. E., SCHMÖLCKE, U. (2006): Archaeozoological records and distribution history of the osprey (Pandion haliaetus) in Central Europe. Journal of Ornithology 147: 565-568.

ZACHOS, F. E., HMWE, S. S., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Biochemical and DNA markers yield strikingly different results regarding variability and differentiation of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations from northern Germany. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 44: 167-174.

ZACHOS, F. E., OTTO, M., HMWE, S. S., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Populationsgenetische Untersuchungen zur Differenzierung des schleswig-holsteinischen Rehwildes (Capreolus capreolus Linnaeus, 1758; Artiodactyla: Cervidae). Bonner zoologische Beiträge 55: 89-94.

ZACHOS, F. E., HOSSFELD, U. (2006): Adolf Remane (1898-1976) and his views on systematics, homology and the Modern Synthesis. Theory in Biosciences 124: 335-348.

HARTL, G. B., ZACHOS, F. E., NADLINGER, K., RATKIEWICZ, M., KLEIN, F., LANG, G. (2005): Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA analysis of French red deer (Cervus elaphus) populations: genetic structure and its implications for management and conservation. Mammalian Biology 70: 24-34.

NIES, G., ZACHOS, F. E., HARTL, G. B. (2005): The impact of female philopatry on population differentiation in the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) as revealed by mitochondrial DNA and allozymes. Mammalian Biology 70: 130-134.

SCHMÖLCKE, U., ZACHOS, F. E. (2005): Holocene distribution and extinction of the moose (Alces alces, Cervidae) in Central Europe. Mammalian Biology 70: 329-344.

FEULNER, P. G. D., BIELFELDT, W., ZACHOS, F. E., BRADVAROVIC, J., ECKERT, I., HARTL, G. B. (2004): Mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite analyses of the genetic status of the presumed subspecies Cervus elaphus montanus (Carpathian red deer). Heredity 93: 299-306.

HARTL, G. B., ZACHOS, F., NADLINGER, K. (2003): Genetic diversity in European red deer (Cervus elaphus L.): anthropogenic influences on natural populations. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326: S37-S42.

ZACHOS, F., HARTL, G. B., APOLLONIO, M., REUTERSHAN, T. (2003): On the phylogeographic origin of the Corsican red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus): evidence from microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA. Mammalian Biology 68: 284-298.

 

Book contributions

ZACHOS, F. E., MITTERMEIER, R. A., HABEL, J. C. (in press): Biodiversity Hotspots - Concluding Remarks and Perspectives. In: Biodiversity Hotspots. Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas (eds. F. E. Zachos, J. C. Habel). Springer Publishers.

ZACHOS, F. E., HABEL, J. C. (Eds.) (in press): Biodiversity Hotspots. Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Springer Publishers.

LINNELL, J. D. C., ZACHOS, F. E. (2011): Status and distribution patterns of European ungulates: genetics, population history and conservation. In: Ungulate Management in Europe: Problems and Practices (eds. R. Putman, M. Apollonio and R. Andersen). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 12-53.

ZACHOS, F. E., HAJJI, G. M., HMWE, S. S. (2010): Conservation genetics and phylogeography of the threatened Corsican and Barbary red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus and C. e. barbarus). In: Relict Species: Phylogeography and Conservation Biology (eds. J. C. Habel and T. Assmann). Heidelberg, Berlin: Springer. Pp. 159-171.

FREY, R., HENDRICHS, H., ZACHOS, F. E. (2010): Cetartiodactyla, Paarhufer inkl. Wale. In: Spezielle Zoologie. Teil 2: Wirbel- oder Schädeltiere (eds. W. Westheide and R. Rieger). Heidelberg: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag. 2. Auflage. Pp. 631-657.

HOSSFELD, U., ZACHOS, F. E. (2009): Namhafte Vertreter der Kieler Biowissenschaften im Nationalsozialismus. In: Wissenschaft an der Grenze. Die Universität Kiel im Nationalsozialismus (eds. C. Cornelißen and C. Mish). Essen: Klartext Verlag. Pp. 323-340.

MEISSNER, M., REINECKE, H., ZACHOS, F., CORSMANN, M., RITTER, T., WÖLFEL, H. (2009): Der Rothirsch in Schleswig-Holstein. Lebensraumsituation, Lebensraumverbund und Management. Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und ländliche Räume des Landes Schleswig-Holstein, Institut für Wildbiologie Göttingen und Dresden e. V. 105 pp.

ZACHOS, F. E. (2006): Taxonomy's "Categorical Imperative" Revisited - The Linnaean Hierarchy and Its Distorting Consequences. In: Netzwerke. Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie Vol. 12 (eds. M. Kaasch, J. Kaasch and V. Wissemann). Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung. Pp. 263-271.

HOSSFELD, U., JUNKER, T., ZACHOS, F., RASRAN, L. (2003): The zoologist Adolf Remane and his view on the synthetic theory of evolution. In: Evolutionary Biology: History and Theory. Vol. 2 (eds. E. I. Kolchinsky and I. Y. Popov). Russian Academy of Sciences: St. Petersburg. Pp. 200-217 (in Russian with an English summary).

ZACHOS, F. (2002): Karl Popper und die Evolutionsbiologie: Der Darwinismus als ein „metaphysisches Forschungsprogramm“. In: Russian-German Links in Biology and Medicine Issue III. Between Science and Ideology (ed. E. I. Kolchinsky). Russian Academy of Sciences: St. Petersburg. Pp. 238-244.

ZACHOS, F. (2002): Karl Popper und die Biologie – Zur Falsifizierbarkeit der Evolutionshypothese und der Selektionstheorie. In: Die Entstehung biologischer Disziplinen II. Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie Vol. 9 (eds. U. Hoßfeld and T. Junker). Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung. Pp. 171-194.

ZACHOS, F., HOSSFELD, U. (2001): Adolf Remane (1898-1976): Biographie und ausgewählte evolutionsbiologische Aspekte in seinem Werk. In: Darwinismus und/als Ideologie. Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie Vol. 6 (eds. U. Hoßfeld and R. Brömer). Berlin: Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung. Pp. 313-358.

 

Other

SCHMÖLCKE, U., SOMMER, R., ZACHOS, F. (2010): Wildpferde, Elche und Auerochsen in Schleswig-Holstein. Archäologische Nachrichten aus Schleswig-Holstein 2010: 12-14.

ZACHOS, F. E., HAJJI, G. M. (2007): Genetic variability and its implications for conservation in the endangered Corsican and Barbary red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus and C. e. barbarus). IUCN Deer Specialist Group Newsletter 22: 3-6.

ZACHOS, F. E. (2004): Kritische Bemerkungen zur Artabgrenzung am Beispiel des Taxons Aquila (Accipitridae) oder: Wie viele Adlerarten gibt es? Ornithologische Mitteilungen 56: 166-172.

ZACHOS, F. E., GLUBOWSKI, M. (2003): Das Vorkommen des Bartkauzes (Strix nebulosa) in Mitteleuropa und ein aktueller Nachweis aus dem Bialowieza-Nationalpark in Polen. Ornithologische Mitteilungen 55: 380-382.

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