unizeit
unizeit Schriftzug

Freeknowledge

Knowledgeforeveryone:quick,global,free.FacilitatingpreciselythisisthegoaloftheOpenAccessInfopointSchleswig-Holstein,whichwentonlineinthelastfewdays.

Buchregale
pur.pur

OpenAccess,whichmeansaccesstoscientificliteratureanditsuseontheInternetwithouttechnical,legalorfinancialbarriers,hasbeenanimportanttopicforanumberofyears.DrRdigerSchtt,headofPRattheUniversityLibrary,emphasised:Alotofnewknowledgeisfundedbytaxes.Onemainproblem,inhisopinion,issomeofthegloballyoperatingscientificpublisherswhotakeadvantageoftheirmarketpoweratthepublic'sexpensebysellingtheknowledgebacktouniversitiesforalotofmoney,whenitwastheirresearchprocesseswhichmadethediscoveriespossibleinthefirstplace.Manyjournalschargetheauthorsthemselvesfeesinordertobeabletopublisharesearchpaper.Andthenthereadersneedtopaytoreadit.ButDrSchttisnotaloneinhisbeliefthatthiskindofinformationshouldreallybeavailablefreeofcharge,mainlybasedonwhereitcamefrom.

ThekeytriggerforcorrespondinginitiativesarosefromtheBudapestOpenAccessInitiative,anequallyinternationalandinterdisciplinaryscientificamalgamation,whichpleadedforfreeavailabilityofscientificliteratureinjournalsandotherformsofpublicationbackin2001.Asaconsequenceofthis,OpenAccessbecameanissue.Yetascaptivatingastheideamayseem,itstillhasitspitfalls.Particularlyatthebeginning,RdigerSchttexplained,thenew,freelyavailablescientifice-journalshadamuchlessprestigiousreputationthantheircommercialcompetitors.Thisreputationthendirectlyaffectstheso-calledimpactfactorofajournal,whichiscalculatedasafigurefromthenumberoftimesitiscited.Authorswhosescientificstatusalsodependsonhowmuchtheypublishandwheretheypublishit,continuedtostrivetowardsconventionalmediawithahighnumberofimpactpoints,despiteOpenAccess.

DrSabrinaStockhusen,whoisalsopartoftheeditorialteamattheOpenAccessInfopointSchleswig-HolsteintogetherwithDrRdigerSchtt,ArneKlemenzandDrKaiLohstrter,namedanotherhurdle:inthenaturalsciences,shesays,peoplearegenerallymoreopen-mindedtowardsdigitalpublicationsbecausetheknowledgeinthesefieldsusuallyneedstobeupdatedquitequickly.Thisisdifferenttothestrengthoftheprintedwordsinthehumanities.Theyneedabitmoreconvincing,saidSabrinaStockhusenfromKielUniversityLibrary.

Inspiteofthesemisgivings,however,thetrendisnowclearlyheadinginthedigitaldirection.TheGermanResearchFoundation(DFG)isalargecontributortothis,becauseithasmeanwhilestartedpreferentiallyfundingscientificprojectsundertheconditionthattheresultsarepublishedviaOpenAccess.Atthesametime,inSchttandStockhusensopinions,itisbecomingmoreapparentthatwhileaccesstotheknowledgeitselfshouldbefree,moneyisstillrequiredforthepublishing.SoOpenAccessisdemandingaconversionoffinancingmodelsforscientificliterature-someofwhicharecenturiesold.PublicationserversontheInternet,likeMACAUbyKielUniversityLibrary,needtobeoperated,managedandmaintained,theindividualpapersrequirebibliographicdetailslikemetadataandkeywordssothattheycanactuallybefoundandlastbutnotleast,qualityassuranceisalsonecessary.Scientificpublishersusuallyhavethepaperssubmittedtothemreviewedagainbyexternalexperts.ThehighqualitylevelthisresultsinshouldalsobeachievedforOpenAccesspublications,ofcourse.

ThenewinformationplatformonOpenAccessinSchleswig-HolsteinreceivedfinancialsupportfromtheMinistryofEducation,ScienceandCulturalAffairs.TheOpenAccessInfopointsjobistopoolandsharenewsabouttheregionalinitiativesonfreedistributionandunrestrictedexchangeanduseofdigitalscientificliteratureandmaterials,explainedDrKaiLohstrterfromtheplatform'seditorialteam.Thetopicisacomplexoneandoftencomplicatedforbeginners.ThisiswhytheInfopointisprovidinggeneralinformation,boostingregionalnetworkingbetweenallpartiesinvolved,andprovidinginitialcompacted,easytounderstandandpracticalassistance.

TheconceptoftakingpartinthenewportalisimportanttoKaiLohstrterandhisteam.Everyonewhowouldliketogetinvolvedcanplacearticlesinthenewsblogand,forexample,introducetheirOpenAccesspublicationsortheirprojects.Informationaboutthelegalandtechnicalfoundationsoffreelydistributingknowledgeisconveyed,becausethereishighdemandforinformationintheinstitutesanddepartments.Forthosewhoneedit,theteamalsooffersconsultationsattheinstitutionsatKielUniversity,toansweranyquestionsyoumighthaveaboutthistopic.Theoldfashionedway.

Author:MartinGeist

LinktotheOpenAccessInfopointhttps://oa-info.sh