Large-Scale Light Field Capture and Reconstruction
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This thesis discusses approaches and techniques to convert Sparsely-Sampled Light Fields (SSLFs) into Densely-Sampled Light Fields (DSLFs), which can be used for visualization on 3DTV and Virtual Reality (VR) devices. Exemplarily, a movable 1D large-scale light field acquisition system for capturing SSLFs in real-world environments is evaluated. This system consists of 24 sparsely placed RGB cameras and two Kinect V2 sensors. The real-world SSLF data captured with this setup can be leveraged to reconstruct real-world DSLFs. To this end, three challenging problems require to be solved for this system: (i) how to estimate the rigid transformation from the coordinate system of a Kinect V2 to the coordinate system of an RGB camera; (ii) how to register the two Kinect V2 sensors with a large displacement; (iii) how to reconstruct a DSLF from a SSLF with moderate and large disparity ranges.
To overcome these three challenges, we propose: (i) a novel self-calibration method, which takes advantage of the geometric constraints from the scene and the cameras, for estimating the rigid transformations from the camera coordinate frame of one Kinect V2 to the camera coordinate frames of 12-nearest RGB cameras; (ii) a novel coarse-to-fine approach for recovering the rigid transformation from the coordinate system of one Kinect to the coordinate system of the other by means of local color and geometry information; (iii) several novel algorithms that can be categorized into two groups for reconstructing a DSLF from an input SSLF, including novel view synthesis methods, which are inspired by the state-of-the-art video frame interpolation algorithms, and Epipolar-Plane Image (EPI) inpainting methods, which are inspired by the Shearlet Transform (ST)-based DSLF reconstruction approaches.